Adaptation en français et validation d’une échelle de mesure des peurs des personnes âgées (PPA). / French adaptation and validation of a scale measuring fear of the elderly (PPP).

Old age generates many concerns that can cause several adverse effects on the individual. Until now, clinicians and researchers had no French instrument to assess the fears of the elderly. This paper presents results of two studies that establish the psychometric properties of a French translation of WSOA (“The Worry Scale for the Older Adults”) of Wisocki et al. in 1998. The study describes the stages of a translation of the questionnaire and checks the factor structure, internal consistency and the quality of items from nonclinical aged participants. Study 2 was designed to assess the factor structure of the scale through confirmatory factor analysis and test the temporal stability of the scale. The overall results show that the scale has very good psychometric properties with a nonclinical population. This tool is an instrument of choice for clinicians, psychologists, and researchers seeking to identify quickly and effectively the concerns of elderly French. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement – Vol 46, Iss 3

Validation de l’échelle des dimensions de l’engagement scolaire (ÉDES) chez les élèves du primaire. / Validation of the Scale of the Dimensions of School Engagement among primary school students.

This study tests the reliability and validity of a multi-dimensional school engagement scale (EDES), a tool that was established to measure the behavioural, emotional and cognitive engagement of primary school pupils. The longitudinal design includes two measurement points. Data was collected during the same school year from a sample of 704 grade three and grade six pupils (51.6% boys) and their teachers. The results indicate that the tool presents construct validity and predictive validity, as well as satisfactory internal consistency. However, the test-retest reliability of the tool is debatable. When considered separately, each of the dimensions is predictive of pupil achievement in French and mathematics at the end of the year. However, when all three dimensions are considered simultaneously, only the behavioural sphere of engagement is predictive of pupil achievement. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement – Vol 46, Iss 2

Object relations, interpersonal functioning, and health in a nonclinical sample: Construct validation and norms for the TAT SCORS-G.

Applying the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global (SCORS-G; Stein, Hilsenroth, Slavin-Mumford, & Pinsker, 2011; Westen, 1995) rating method to Thematic Apperception Test (TAT; Murray, 1943) narratives, this study of undergraduates aimed to (a) assess the component structure and construct validity of the SCORS-G in a nonclinical sample and (b) contribute to the development of a set of norms to guide clinical interpretation of this method. A 2-component solution for the SCORS-G entailed cognitive and affective components. Support for construct validity came from known-groups analyses in which this nonclinical sample was healthier on all 8 scales of the SCORS-G compared with a composite of previously published clinical samples. The cognitive scales (complexity of representations of people, understanding of social causality) were particularly strong in differentiating between the nonclinical and clinical groups. Additionally, in the overall sample the affective component of the SCORS-G was positively, significantly, and meaningfully related to a self-report measure of interpersonal functioning. This association was stronger among male participants; among females, the affective component was more strongly and negatively correlated with self-reported physical symptoms. Unexpectedly, the affective component did not correlate with a self-report measure of mental health, but its correlation with a performance-based measure of mental health involved a small effect in the predicted direction. Addressing a gap in the literature, this study also contributes a set of nonclinical norms that can be used to guide clinical interpretation of the TAT SCORS-G with some patients. Theoretical and clinical implications, as well as limitations, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Psychoanalytic Psychology – Vol 31, Iss 3

Development and validation of Triarchic Construct Scales from the Psychopathic Personality Inventory.

The Triarchic model of psychopathy describes this complex condition in terms of distinct phenotypic components of boldness, meanness, and disinhibition. Brief self-report scales designed specifically to index these psychopathy facets have thus far demonstrated promising construct validity. The present study sought to develop and validate scales for assessing facets of the Triarchic model using items from a well-validated existing measure of psychopathy—the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI). A consensus-rating approach was used to identify PPI items relevant to each Triarchic facet, and the convergent and discriminant validity of the resulting PPI-based Triarchic scales were evaluated in relation to multiple criterion variables (i.e., other psychopathy inventories, antisocial personality disorder features, personality traits, psychosocial functioning) in offender and nonoffender samples. The PPI-based Triarchic scales showed good internal consistency and related to criterion variables in ways consistent with predictions based on the Triarchic model. Findings are discussed in terms of implications for conceptualization and assessment of psychopathy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Psychological Assessment – Vol 26, Iss 2

Preliminary development and validation of the Supervisee Attachment Strategies Scale (SASS).

The influence of counselor trainees’ adult attachment orientations in the context of supervision has the potential to inform both training and supervision practice. However, the pursuit of such research requires the availability of appropriate assessment tools. The present study describes the development and validation of the Supervisee Attachment Strategies Scale (SASS), a theory-based measure of counseling trainees’ attachment orientations toward their clinical supervisors. Participants were recruited online through their training directors at Association of Psychology Postdoctoral and Internship Centers member programs. Data were nationally collected from 352 trainees representing programs in the United States and Canada. Exploratory factor analysis yielded 2 interpretable factors along the adult attachment dimensions of avoidance vs. engagement and rejection concern vs. security. These 2 factors accounted for 55.85% of the interitem variance in the rotated solution of the 22-item SASS scale. SASS subscale scores were negatively correlated with the supervisory working alliance and predicted greater endorsement of role conflict and role ambiguity in the current supervisory relationship. Higher avoidance (but not rejection concern) predicted diminished perceptions of satisfaction with the overall training experience. Findings from this study suggest that trainees who engaged in adaptive attachment strategies may be more likely to address conflict, negotiate additional explorative opportunities in training, and seek out their supervisors in times of uncertainty. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Journal of Counseling Psychology – Vol 61, Iss 2

Validation of Interpersonal Support Evaluation List-12 (ISEL-12) scores among English- and Spanish-speaking Hispanics/Latinos from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study.

The Interpersonal Support Evaluation List-12 (ISEL-12; Cohen, Mermelstein, Kamarck, & Hoberman, 1985) is broadly employed as a short-form measure of the traditional ISEL, which measures functional (i.e., perceived) social support. The ISEL-12 can be scored by summing the items to create an overall social support score; three subscale scores representing appraisal, belonging, and tangible social support have also been proposed. Despite extensive use, studies of the psychometric properties of ISEL-12 scores have been limited, particularly among Hispanics/Latinos, the largest and fastest growing ethnic group in the United States. The current study investigated the reliability and structural and convergent validity of ISEL-12 scores using data from 5,313 Hispanics/Latinos who participated in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Participants completed measures in English or Spanish and identified their ancestry as Dominican, Central American, Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, or South American. Cronbach’s alphas suggested adequate internal consistency for the total score for all languages and ancestry groups; coefficients for the subscale scores were not acceptable. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the one-factor and three-factor models fit the data equally well. Results from multigroup confirmatory factor analyses supported a similar one-factor structure with equivalent response patterns and variances between language groups and ancestry groups. Convergent validity analyses suggested that the total social support score related to scores of social network integration, life engagement, perceived stress, and negative affect (depression, anxiety) in the expected directions. The total score of the ISEL-12 can be recommended for use among Hispanics/Latinos. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Psychological Assessment – Vol 26, Iss 2

Validation de la version française d’un questionnaire évaluant les pensées répétitives constructives et non constructives. / Validation of the French version of a questionnaire that evaluates constructive and non-constructive repetitive thoughts.

This article presents the adaptation and the validation of a short self-report questionnaire assessing repetitive thinking, the Mini Cambridge-Exeter Repetitive Thought Scale (Mini-CERTS). This 16 item scale evaluates two dimensions of repetitive thinking: “concrete, experiential thinking” (CET) and “abstract, analytical thinking” (AAT) that may have constructive and unconstructive consequences. A large sample of adult volunteers (n = 247) filled in the Mini-CERTS. Subsamples also responded to depression, anxiety and general symptomatology questionnaires as well as to a concurrent measure, the Ruminative Response Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis ascertained the two-dimension structure of the questionnaire. Correlational analyses evidenced differentiated patterns of relation between CET and AAT and anxiety, depression and general symptomatology scales. AAT was correlated to the brooding scale of the RRS but there was no relation between CET and both scales of the RRS. Preliminary data suggest that the Mini-CERTS is sensitive to clinical status and treatment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement – Vol 46, Iss 2

A further validation of the Minnesota Borderline Personality Disorder Scale.

Previous research indicates that borderline personality disorder (BPD) is well conceptualized as a dimensional construct that can be represented using normal personality traits. A previous study successfully developed and validated a BPD measure embedded within a normal trait measure, the Minnesota Borderline Personality Disorder Scale (MBPD). The current study performed a further validation of the MBPD by examining its convergent validity, external correlates, and heritability in a sample of 429 female twins. The MBPD correlated strongly with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM–IV Axis II Personality Disorders (SCID-II) screener for BPD and moderately with external correlates. Moreover, the MBPD and SCID-II screener exhibited very similar patterns of external correlations. Additionally, results indicated that the genetic and environmental influences on MBPD overlap with the genetic and environmental influences on the SCID-II screener, which suggests that these scales are measuring the same construct. These data provide further evidence for the construct validity of the MBPD. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment – Vol 5, Iss 2

Testing the concept of relational entitlement in the dyadic context: Further validation and associations with relationship satisfaction.

The sense of relational entitlement is the perception one has of what one deserves from one’s partner, and it may play a crucial role in determining the quality of a couple’s relationship. However, the concept was only recently subjected to empirical examination. The main goals of the current study were to continue the work initiated by the scale developers (Tolmacz & Mikulincer, 2011) by (1) further validating the Sense of Relational Entitlement Scale (SRE) in a sample of adult couples; and (2) examining the contribution of each partner’s sense of relational entitlement to his or her own and his or her partner’s relationship satisfaction. A sample of 120 Israeli, heterosexual, older couples (age = 58 years) in long-term relationships completed the study measurements. Factor analyses revealed that the SRE scale consisted of two major dimensions: conflicted entitlement and assertive entitlement. Applying an Actor-Partner-Interdependence Model (APIM) analysis indicated that the more conflicted one felt with regard to what one was entitled to, the less satisfaction one felt with the relationship. Additionally, the higher one’s entitlement expectations were of one’s partner (a subfactor of the assertive entitlement dimension), the more one’s partner was satisfied with the relationship. The sense of entitlement construct seems to be relevant to the context of dyadic relationships and, as such, is worthy of further attention and investigation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Journal of Family Psychology – Vol 28, Iss 2

Construct validation of self-reported stress scales.

The recently developed Perceived Stress Reactivity Scale (PSRS; Schlotz, Yim, Zoccola, Jansen, & Schulz, 2011) examines perceived stress reactivity with 6 different subscales. The authors of the current study build on initial validation work with this scale by evaluating patterns of the convergent and discriminant validity of scores on its 6 substantially correlated subscales. Examination of the relationships between the 6 PSRS subscales and other variables (personality, depressive affect, eudaimonic well-being, environmental demands, and aspects of work) indicated some differentiation between the different facets of stress reactivity. The PSRS scales also correlated highly with the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). To account for all of these relationships, a structural regression model specifying a hierarchical factor model for the PSRS scales showed that some relationships (e.g., with neuroticism) were best modeled at the general stress factor level using a latent variable also defined by both the PSS and the PSRS subscales. The model also demonstrated lower level specific relationships that generated better fit than when all predictors were forced to relate to the PSRS only through the general stress factor. Results indicate that domain-specific aspects of stress can be differentiated, which ultimately could prove useful in research on mental health consequences of stress originating from different life domains. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Psychological Assessment – Vol 26, Iss 1